Lemosho Route Kilimanjaro - Pros, Cons and Route Facts

Lemosho Route – A Remote and Beautiful Route to Kilimanjaro

The Lemosho Route is relatively new. It starts on the Western side of Mount Kilimanjaro at the Londorossi Gate and was introduced as an alternative to the Shira Route which begins at a higher, more challenging altitude.

The Londorossi Gate is a fair drive from the town of Moshi, and considerably further from Arusha. At the gate you will register with the authorities before being driven a further 12km to the starting point.

The western side of Kilimanjaro is still very wild and you may get lucky and spot large antelope, buffalo and maybe even elephant.

On day three the Lemosho Route joins the Machame Route at Lava Tower and down towards Barranco Valley via the Southern Circuit (see map below). As with the Machame Route, Lemosho trekkers need to transverse the Barranco Wall and then summit from Barafu Camp.

Descent is via the Mweka route.


Lemosho Route Map


Most trekkers complete the Lemosho Route in seven days; however some tour operators offer six day treks (not recommended) and eight day hikes on the Lemosho. The latter is great for acclimatisation and of course increases the probability of success.

The seven day route typically stops for a night at both Shira Camp 1 and Shira Camp 2. Eight day treks stop again at Karanga Camp for another acclimatization day.

Below is the itinerary for a six day Lemosho Route.

Day-by-day  Lemosho Route Itinerary

Day 1 – Londorossi Gate (2,100 meters) – start point 2,360 meters to Mti Mkubwa Camp (2,820 meters)

Distance: ~5.5km / 3.5 miles

Trekking time: 3-4 hours

Zone: Rainforest

The Lemosho Route departs from the far West side of Mount Kilimanjaro. Getting to Londorossi Gate (2,100 meters) takes approximately 2 hours from Moshi and longer from Arusha. At the gate you will register with the Kilimanjaro National Park authorities before getting back into vehicles to be transported to the starting point which is a further 12km from Londorossi. During the wet season the track can be very inaccessible to vehicles and you may need to walk the last few miles to the starting point. Most tour operators provide lunch at this point before starting the short trek to Mti Mkubwa Camp (2,820 meters). Spotting large wildlife like elephant and buffalo is possible on this stretch of the mountain and you will likely be accompanied by an armed guide in case one of the big five gets too close for comfort! Dinner will be served when you reach Mti Mkubwa Camp.

Day 2 – Mti Mkubwa Camp (2,820 meters) to Shira Camp 2 (3,850 meters)

Distance: ~16km / 10 miles

Trekking time: 6-8 hours

Zone: Rainforest / Low Alpine Zone

Day two starts with a gradual hike through the final stretch of the rainforest zone and then gets steeper as you approach the low alpine moorland zone. The trek is a long one that stops briefly for lunch at Shira Camp 1 which is on the western edge of the Shira Plateau; just over 8km from your starting point. You then continue on your hike across and up the Shira plateau to Shira Camp 2 at 3,850 meters. Here you will join trekkers from the Machame Route whilst enjoying stunning view across the valley below and Western Breach of Kilimanjaro above. The plateau is exposed so be prepared for a cold night with temperatures getting below zero.

Day 3 – Shira Camp (3,850 meters) to Lava Tower (4,600 meters) and then Barranco Camp (3,900 meters)

Distance: ~11km / 7 miles

Trekking time: 5-7 hours

Zone: Low alpine zone / High alpine zone

On day three you will start trekking due east from the Shira Plateau, passing through the ‘Garden of the Senecios’ which also features many giant lobelias. The landscape rapidly becomes desert-like as you approach Lava Tower and the Shark’s Tooth formation at 4,600 meters. You will have lunch at Lava Tower before joining the Southern Circuit trail (see map above) which descends to Barranco Camp 3,900 meters where you will spend the night at a very similar elevation as the night before. Climbing high and sleeping low is a good way to acclimatise the body to altitude. Note: some tour operators offer variations of this route via Moir Camp just north of Lava Tower, before joining the Southern Circuit.

Day 4 – Barranco Camp (3,900 meters) to Karanga Camp (3,960 meters) (and then Barafu Camp – 4,680 meters)

Distance: ~9.5km / 6 miles

Trekking time: 8-10 hours

Zone: High alpine zone

On day four you will be presented with the relatively steep Barranco ‘Breakfast’ climb, a 257 meter scramble up the Barranco Wall. Be prepared to use all four limbs as you traverse the wall to the top of the Karanga Valley. From here you will follow a path that sojourns through many inclines and declines to Karanga Camp (3,960 meters). For those on an eight day hike, this will be your camp for the night. Six and seven day trekkers will stop here for a brief lunch before continuing on through the barren desert landscape that leads to the Mweka trail and up to Barafu Camp (4,680 meters). At Barafu you will have an early dinner and then ‘hit the sack’ for some much needed rest before your summit attempt which begins at midnight. Please make sure that you have organised all your gear for the summit. You will be awoken in the dark and searching for your headlamp or camera at this time is not a good way to start your summit attempt.

Day 5 – Barafu Camp (4,680 meters) to Uhuru Peak (5,895 meters) and then Mweka Camp (3,100 meters)

Distance: ~4.5km / 3 miles ascent and then 11km / 7 mile descent

Trekking time: 6-8 hours to the summit and then 5-8 hours to Mweka

Zone: Glacial zone and the all preceding zones

Day five starts at midnight with hot tea, biscuits and a long and zigzagging hike up the heavy scree that covers the steep slopes of Kibo. The going is slow and very tough. You will need to dig deep and ensure you maintain a consistent pace to push yourself up to the crater rim. After about 4-6 hours hiking you will reach Stella Point (5,739 meters) where you will have a chance to rest and watch dawn break across the Tanzanian landscape. It is a good idea to have some hot tea or hot chocolate at this point as you will need to muster the energy to continue for another 1-2 hours around and up the crater rim to Uhuru Peak (5,895 meters). Remember to keep your momentum moving forward, one step at a time. Over 60% of climbers stop at Stella Point but most can make it to the summit if they are able to find the metal strength to push through. Obviously if you are experiencing severe AMS symptoms you should descend immediately. Your time at Uhuru Peak will be brief. Take as many pictures as you can, savour your accomplishment and then start heading back to Stella Point. Many trekkers slide down the scree slopes of Kibo to Barafu Camp, where you will have a chance to rest before continuing on to Mweka Camp (3,100 meters). In total you will be trekking between 12-16 hours on day 5 so it is really important that you pace yourself and remain hydrated.

Day 6 – Mweka Camp (3,100 meters) to Mweka Gate (1,640 meters)

Distance: ~9.5km / 6 miles

Trekking time: 3-5 hours

Zone: Rainforest

The final day on the mountain is a short one, but nonetheless tiring as your body will be exhausted and your knees will likely be sore from the previous day’s descent. Go slowly and enjoy the wonderful rainforest scenery as you head towards Mweka Gate (1,640 meters). At the gate you will need to sign-out with the authorities and will also receive your certificate, either for Stella Point or for Uhuru Peak. It is customary to pay your tips to your trekking team before you depart back to your hotel in Moshi or Arusha.

Lemosho Route – Altitude and Distance Profile


Recommended Tour Operators

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Packing List

You can also find a complete Kilimanjaro gear packing list here.


Still have questions about the Lemosho Route? Please leave a comment below and we will respond on this page within 24hours.

References: Lemosho route up Kilimanjaro.

About the Author Mark Whitman

Hi, I'm Mark! Welcome to Climb Kilimanjaro Guide - the Web's No.1 Trekking Guide to Mount Kilimanjaro. This site is your one stop shop for everything Kilimanjaro. To date over 2 million people have visited ClimbKilimanjaroGuide.com, many of which have gone on to summit Kili! I hope you find all the answers you are looking for, but if you have any questions don't hesitate to drop a comment below! Happy Trekking!

Leave a Comment:

Justine Byers says January 9, 2016

WE would like to trek Lemosho in July with a summit near the full moon.
What was the price? We have spoken to you, Justine Byers and Laurie Jones

    Mark Whitman says January 11, 2016

    Hi Justine, thanks for getting in touch. We are not a rout operator but can connect you with our recommended partner. Just complete the form here and we will put yuoou in touch with them: https://www.climbkilimanjaroguide.com/go/

Ben says March 9, 2016

Hello, great website and really helpful. I’m thinking about doing the Lemosho route (have already requested a quote), is there an optimum time to do the trek? Assuming anytime in September or October before the rainy season?

    Mark Whitman says March 10, 2016

    Hi Ben, Sept and Oct are great months for trekking. Avoid April and May. November is a light rainy season. Dec-March is good for trekking but their is generally more snow at the summit during this time. June-August are the busiest months. Hope this helps!

Stewart Smillie says July 29, 2016

Can you provide any climatic advice on trekking in Sept? I suffered heat stroke on the Kokoda Track and so want to continue trekking but in cooler climatic conditions. I see based on forecasts that the average temp is less than 20 C, is this right and what do you think the averages would be for each of the changes in climate?

thanks Stewart

    Mark Whitman says July 30, 2016

    Hi Stewart, As you would have seen the weather fluctuates a lot of Kilimanjaro as you ascend in altitude. Day 1 in the rain forest is usually quite hot and humid, although there are many places of shade due to the high density of tree cover. Day 2 will probably be your highest risk day for heat stroke as you are out of the tree line and if there is no cloud cover it can get really hot during the day. Temperatures plummet though as the sun goes down or if there is a lot of cloud cover. Day 3 you will be above the clouds, sun UV intensity is high but generally it is not too hot. I would say your risk of heat stroke is lower on Kilimanjaro compared to the Kokoda Trail due to the fluctuation in altitude, but would recommend doing all you can to avoid heat stroke – wear a sun hat at all times, drink loads of fluids and try rest in shady spots as much as possible. Hope this helps!

Lyndsay says June 12, 2017


First off your site is so incredibly helpful, thank you!! I am planning to climb the Lemosho Route in mid July and am having trouble finding details of the actual trek at certain points. I.e.: what are the most difficult areas and what makes them so? I know that at no point you need to be roped in, but are there any points that have steep drop off’s, etc where someone who might be nervous about that may need to mentally prepare for? Looking forward to hearing back (in as much detail as possible ;-)!

All the best,


    Mark Whitman says June 12, 2017

    Hi Lyndsay, Thanks for getting in touch. The most challenging section on the Lemosho route is the Barranco Wall: https://www.climbkilimanjaroguide.com/barranco-wall-mt-kilimanjaro/. But as you will read it is a section that doesn’t require any technical skills. It is merely a short scramble with some minor exposure, no steep drop-offs. In addition to this section the summit push is obviously a tough grind due to the altitude. Hope you have a blast, good luck!

Nicolas says July 24, 2017

How important is it to do 8 days instead of 7? What is your personal recommendation?

    Mark Whitman says July 25, 2017

    Hi Nicolas, in terms of the Lemosho route, the 8-day is superior to the 7-day as it gives you more time to acclimitise and the summit push is a shorter day than on the 7-day. If you can only spare 7-days then I recommend you do the Machame.

Nadia says October 5, 2017

What airport do you recommend flying into and what town to stay in when arriving to do this hike?

    Mark Whitman says October 6, 2017

    Hi Nadia, you need to fly into Kilimanjaro International Airport, here some information on getting there: https://www.climbkilimanjaroguide.com/cheap-flights-to-kilimanjaro/. The two towns you can stay at are Arusha and Moshi. I prefer the latter. Hope this helps!

Kim says June 11, 2018

Would you recommend the 7 day Machame route over the 8 day Lemosho route during the first week of November because of the possibility of precipitation or would that not be a consideration in the decision?


    Mark Whitman says June 19, 2018

    Hi Kim, this shouldn’t be a big concern as you are less likely to experience rain higher up the mountain. I like both routes, but if I was pushed to choose one I would go for the 7 day Machame – it’s shorter and therefore more affordable.

Miriam says July 17, 2018

Hi I’m interested in lemosho route to climb with my dad
However my dad has had both knee and hip replacements will be climbing the wall an issue for someone who has had all 4 joints replaced

    Mark Whitman says July 17, 2018

    Hi Miriam, scaling Barranco Wall involves a little scrambling. If you dad is comfortable scrambling he should be fine. I know people who have scaled the Wall with prosthetic limbs.

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